Nutrition and Obesity Publications

Monday, September 30, 2013 - 12:45

A number of journal articles have recently been published by members of our Food Research Network on the topic of nutrition and obesity.

Firstly, Mike Rayner and Peter Scarborough, from The British Heart Foundation Health Promotion Research Group in the Nuffield Department of Population Health, have published a paper on the potential impact of a tax on sugary drinks in Ireland.

They conclude that such a tax "would have a small but meaningful effect on obesity" and that "the tax will predominantly affect younger adults who are the main consumers [of sugary soft drinks]".

Read the article in BMC Public Health:

The potential impact on obesity of a 10% tax on sugar-sweetened beverages in Ireland, an effect assessment modelling study, Adam DM Briggs, Oliver T Mytton, David Madden, Donal O'Shea, Mike Rayner and Peter Scarborough

Mike Rayner has also authored a paprt about monitoring health-related food labels in shops:

Monitoring the health-related labelling of foods and non-alcoholic beverages in retail settings, M. Rayner, A. Wood, M. Lawrence, C. N. Mhurchu, J. Albert, S. Barquera, S. Friel, C. Hawkes, B. Kelly, S. Kumanyika, M. L'Abbé, A. Lee, T. Lobstein, J. Ma, J. Macmullan, S. Mohan, C. Monteiro, B. Neal, G. Sacks, D. Sanders, W. Snowdon, B. Swinburn, S. Vandevijvere, C. Walker

Stanley Ulijaszek and Caroline Potter have published a study looking at whether you can predict adult obesity during childhood. The childhood measures they looked at were birth weight, whether or not a child was breastfed, childhood activity level and whether a child had at least one obese parent. They concude that this way of predicting adult obesity "identifies a greater proportion of the population that is at risk for future obesity than does childhood weight assessment alone".

Read the article in the Journal of Epidemiology and Community Health:

Predicting adult obesity from measures in earlier life, Caroline M Potter, Stanley J Ulijaszek

Lastly, a graduate student, Dr Manisha Nair of the Nuffield Department of Population Health, has published a study on the wage-for-employment policy of the Indian Government, called the Mahatma Gandhi National Rural Employment Guarantee Act (MGNREGA). her hypothesis is that the scheme could reduce infant malnutrition through positive effects on household food security and infant feeding. Following a survey of 528 households with 1056 participants, she concluded that "participation in MGNREGA was associated with reduced infant malnutrition possibly mediated indirectly via improved birth-weight rather than by improved infant feeding" and that "addressing factors such as lack of mothers’ knowledge and inappropriate feeding practices, over and above the social and economic policies, is key in efforts to reduce infant malnutrition".

Read the article in PLOS ONE:

Nair M, Ariana P, Ohuma EO, Gray R, De Stavola B, et al. (2013) Effect of the Mahatma Gandhi National Rural Employment Guarantee Act (MGNREGA) on Malnutrition of Infants in Rajasthan, India: A Mixed Methods Study. PLoS ONE 8(9): e75089. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0075089

Read the Oxford University media news article about the research:

Indian job-guarantee scheme reduces child malnutrition


Photo of sweets by Lisa Batty

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